Whenever you injure yourself, you notice the area surrounding the wound or the tear inflamed. Inflammation is a natural response to the injury and a necessary part of the healing process. The moment there is a foreign invader in our body, our immune system reacts, sending white blood cells. We see this on the outside as inflammation.
It is possible to relieve pain with anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin and ibuprofen. Before taking them, tell your healthcare provider about any medications you take or any health conditions you have.
It depends on the type of inflammation and the severity of the inflammation, which determines the best anti-inflammatory medicine. You can choose from a variety of prescriptions and medications.
In some cases, the body makes the mistake of viewing its own cells and tissues as a threat. This situation is called an autoimmune disease. Examples include AIDS, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. inflammation has links to many chronic conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and obesity.
Types of Inflammation
Inflammation itself can be classified into two distinct categories: acute and chronic. As acute inflammation often heals on its own and runs its course naturally (with the help of medicines in some cases), chronic inflammation presents a more significant problem as its duration can often last for weeks, months, or even years in some cases.
This disease is directly related to autoimmune disorders, auto-inflammatory disorders, extreme sensitivity to external triggers, and long-term exposure to irritants such as chemicals and harmful inhalants. Some examples are psoriasis, ulcerative colitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Now that we understand what it is and how it surfaces in the body let’s look at the best treatment for inflammation.
Symptoms of Inflammation
Affected areas may experience different symptoms depending on the severity of the injury. However, these are common signs of inflammation:
- Swelling and redness around the injury site
- May have a burning sensation
- Difficulty with movement
Medications for Inflammation
In every local pharmacy, you can purchase over-the-counter medications and prescription medications. A healthcare consultant or your doctor can recommend the best medicine based on your recommendation for treatment via a medicine. Keeping them informed is always a good idea.
While OTP medications address the issues of pain and swelling, they do not actually have any effect over the reason why the pain and swelling are there in the first place. These are better suited for acute inflammation. Within this category come nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and acetaminophen.
OTC NSAIDs are most effective when your body experiences mild to moderate acute inflammation. As stated before, they counter only the symptoms like pain. Examples of NSAIDs include naproxen, ibuprofen, and aspirin.
NSAIDs act swiftly once consumed. They are practical as well as efficient. However, they have high risks, especially if the person takes high doses for extended periods. Here are several of the risks:
- Stroke or a heart attack
- Bleeding in the intestines
- Gastric complications
It is possible for anti inflammatory medicine to have a few side effects, primarily when used long-term. Common side effects include rashes, adverse effects on kidney and liver function, and anemia in more severe cases. In order to take this dangerous medicine on a regular basis, you need to have a prescription since your doctor has both the experience and knowledge needed to decide how much of it you should take and how often.
This type of hormone acts in a similar way to cortisol in terms of its action. The adrenal glands produce this hormone. The drawback of this medicine is that while it controls inflammation, it also suppresses immunity, which makes one prone to infection and viruses. Among them are:
- Topical cream or ointment
- Capsules, oral tablets, syrups, etc.
- Eye drops
- Intramuscular, administered as an injection (this is required only once)
- intra-articular, as an injection directly into a joint
Like NSAIDs, doctors warn against the long-term use of this medicine.
The Way Forward!
Now that you are aware of the various types of medications available on the market, you should speak with your doctor before buying a lot of risky medications. Remember, self-medication is not safe. Stay healthy!